There are three basic types of employment: a permanent position, a fixed-period contract and probationary employment. The Security of Employment Act (LAS) states that jobs will normally be permanent and fixed-period employment may only be applied in exceptional cases.
This type of position means an employment contract for which there is no final date. This employment will continue until the employee or the employer cancel the employment relationship, (read more about cancelling employment agreements under Periods of notice), or the employee retires.
A fixed-period contract is an exemption from the primary regulation contained in the Security of Employment Act (LAS) which states that all positions are to be permanent and concerns a position in which the employee knows the final date of employment from the beginning of the contract.
Probationary employment is a fixed-period contract with a lower level of employment security than other fixed-period contracts. During the probationary period, which may be a maximum of six months, the employer or employee may, without stating any cause, break off the employment relationship. However, the employer must issue this decision at least two weeks in advance of the employee's final working day.
Scholarships and other forms that are not employment
Within the university sector scholarships are, unfortunately, quite common. Scholarships mean that the recipient does not have an employee/employer relationship with the university. This has a considerable impact as concerns both insurance and social insurance cover.